FCE level: B1.2
Topic: Politics and Institutions
At the beginning of the 20th century there were two political parties in Britain, the conservatives (or Tory Party) representing the interest of the rich people and Liberals whose policy focussed on reforms.
The Labour Party was it created in 1906, to pursue worker and to promote the interests of the working class. After World War I, Labour replaced the Liberals as the main opposition to the ruling Conservatives. Traditionally the Conservatives are a right-wing party supporting free enterprise while Labour has always been regarded as a left-wing party.
The Liberal Democrat Party was created in 1988 from a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party. The Lib Dem promote reforms, progressive taxation and civil rights. In 1997, after a long period of Conservative rule (with Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister in the 1980s and 1990s) Labour regained power callings itself New Labour, with a new leader, Tony Blair. Blair’s party took a position in the centre in politics, in particular, supporting private enterprise, adopting market reforms and taking part in 2003 Iraqi war as the main ally of the United States.
Since 2010 Britain has been ruled by a coalition formed by David Cameron’s Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats led by Nick Clegg.
Leader: Jeremy Corbyn
Role in the Parliament: Opposition
Leader: Theresa May
Role in the Parliament: Majority
Leader: Tim Farron